The femur is one among the biggest and strongest bones within the body. The femur is the thigh bone–it extends from the hip joint down to the knee joint. due to the fact the femur is any such robust bone, it may take tremendous force to cause a femur fracture.
As stated previously, the femur is a highly strong bone–so as for a femur fracture to occur, either a large force must be implemented or something is wrong with the bone. In patients with everyday bone power, the maximum common causes of femur fractures include:
- Car accidents
- Falls from a height
Patients can also have bone that is weakened with the aid of osteoporosis, tumor, or infection. Those situations can lead to a so-called pathologic femur fracture.
Femur fractures are normally separated into 3 large categories:
Proximal Femur Fractures
Proximal femur fractures, or hip fractures, contain the higher-most part of the thigh bone, just adjoining to the hip joint. these fractures are further subdivided into different forms of hip fractures that are discussed elsewhere. you could find more facts about these fractures via going to one of the following pages:
- Hip Fractures
- Femoral Neck Fractures
- Intertrochanteric Femur Fractures
A femoral shaft fracture is a extreme damage that typically occurs in excessive-speed motor vehicle collisions and significant falls. these accidents are regularly one of several most important injuries experienced by a patient.
The treatment of a femoral shaft facture is nearly constantly with surgical operation. The maximum common method is to insert a metal rod down the center of the thigh bone called an intramedullary rod. This process reconnects the 2 ends of the bone, and the rod is secured in place with screws both above and below the fracture. The intrameduallary rod generally stays inside the bone for the existence of the patient, but can be removed if it reasons pain or different troubles.
Other less commonly used treatments of a femur fracture consist of a plate and screws or an external fixator. these remedy alternatives may additionally need to be used if an intrameduallary rod cannot be used for some reason. In certain patients, depending on the fracture type and associated injuries, an intramedullary rod might not be an alternative; in these cases one of the other treatments (plate and screws, external fixator, etc.) can be selected.
Supracondylar Femur Fractures
A supracondylar femur fracture is an unusual injury to the femur just above the knee joint. those fractures often involve the cartilage surface of the knee joint, and need to be handled with this cartilage injury in mind. patients who diagnosed with a supracondylar femur fracture are often at excessive threat of growing knee arthritis later in life.
Supracondylar femur fractures are more common in sufferers with intense osteoporosis and in patients who’ve previously undergone total knee replacement surgical treatment. In these groups of patients the bone just above the knee joint may be weaker than in regular patients, and consequently greater at risk of fracture. however, patients might also sustain a supracondylar femur fracture after high-energy injuries as defined above.
The remedy of a supracondylar femur fracture is highly variable, and may utilize a forged or brace, external fixator, plate, screws, or an intramedullary rod. The external fixator manufacturers in India provide all type fixators and implants that the surgeons required. The Indian orthopedic implant suppliers are known for adhering to the high global quality requirements. There are many versions to these fractures that influence the exceptional choice for fixation of the fracture.