The Fort of Delhi, located in the Indian city of Delhi, it is also known as the Red Fort or Lal Qila by the color of the sandstone with which it was built. Not to be confused with the Agra Fort that is called in the same way.
It was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in the year 2007, covering a protected area of 49.18 ha.
The Red Fort was a palace in the new capital of Shah Jahan, Shahjahanabad, the seventh muslim city which was erected in the area occupied by the current Delhi. Shah Jahan transferred the capital from Agra in an attempt to give more prestige to his kingdom and to get a place in which to develop its ambitious building schemes.
This extensive complex and red walls represents a long period of India’s history and the art of the Mughal monarchs who reigned in the country.
The colossal red sandstone walls rise to a height of 33 meters (110 feet) high in some parts and it is thanks to them that the Red Fort of Delhi is called as well. The walls were built to keep the invaders during the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century. Perhaps the name of the monarch is familiar to you: it was the same as that built the world famous Taj Mahal.
Today, the Red Fort is a very popular tourist destination and receives thousands of visitors each year. The busiest day of the year is August 15, when the Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag at the fort to celebrate the independence of the United Kingdom.
This colossal building covers 103 hectares (255 acres) in a total of 2.4 kilometers (1.5 miles) of defensive wall. The fort consists of buildings with floral decorations, engraved double domes and intricate artistic manifestations that reflect the epitome of Mughal style architecture.
As you enter through the door Lahore, you’ll see the Chatta Chowk. A long time ago, this bazaar was a market where they sell silk and jewelry to the noble class. Today, it still full of merchants, only that now offer you all kinds of souvenirs.
During your visit to the Red Fort, explores the War Memorial Museum, a tribute in honor of the soldiers that participated in the First World War on the side of the British.
Every afternoon, are organized sound and light shows that reflect the history india and Mughal, just remember that there is an admission fee to this show, which is additional to the price of admission.
Set aside at least two hours to see a good part of this monument and the museum, although if you want a more detailed tour, you will need to prepare for a visit of between four and six hours, approximately.
The Red Fort is closed on Mondays. It is easy to get here on the buses that come out of the downtown area of New Delhi and the airport (approximately 30 minutes from any of these places). It will take you about 10 minutes by car and 45 walk to get to the Red Fort from the center of the city.