E-waste – What is It?
E-waste is a term used for a set of electrical and/or electronic equipment that have been cast-off entirely or in parts by bulk consumer/consumer. The term can also be used for goods rejected from the following stages:
What is EPR?
EPR stands for Extended Producer’s Responsibility. As per the rules, producer of EEE (electrical and electronic equipment) is held accountable for their equipment management even once life of the product comes to an end. The following who propose to retail the EEE under their own brand or propose to retail imported EEE also hold the responsibility:
Authorization of EPR from PCC/SPCB is applicable on the following related to the product:
- Collection centre
It is also mandatory for the IT & telecommunication and consumer EEE to apply for EPR authorization.
The above stated rule is exempted for all micro and small business enterprises.
Issues with E-waste Rules for the Year 2011
There have been certain issues related to the rules developed for e-waste. The major challenge was Authorization of EPR from various SPCBs or Pan India Authorization. Here are some of the major issues:
No Details – Financing procedure was not explained well. It was also not made obligatory.
Exemption not Done Right – The major challenge was exemption given to the MSEs (micro and small enterprises). Since these enterprises were main source of e-waste generation, the exemption didn’t help the environment.
Collection Centres did not Participate – None of the collection centres participated in EPR Authorization.
Bulk Consumers – None of the rules and regulation were applicable for Bulk Consumers.
Major Stakeholders were Absent – Manufacturers, refurbishers, and dealers went missing.
As per the e-waste Rules, 2011, it was mandatory for manufacturers and producers to follow a separate process for Authorization & Registration. The provisions for dismantling and recycling (illegal operations) were unsuccessful. The registered recyclers and dismantlers failed to receive e-waste.
Product producers did not involve actively in capacity building and awareness initiatives. All in all, the rule lacked active target based approach and flexibility in implementation of EPR.
Producer was responsible for collection. This did not include a separate authorization. The rule was also employed for CFL and other mercury containing lamps.
Increasing amounts of waste has become a huge issue. It has a negative on environment. Humans, vegetation, and animals are not safe. This is also the reason governments have started developing programs for reviewing availability of policy options. According to the authorities, one of the major options for handling the issue is via holding producers the responsibility of post-consumer phase of certain type of equipment/ goods.
Registration for EPR authorization is a strategy approach in which producers of goods or equipment are presented with a considerable responsibility. They are levied with the obligation of financial and/or physical responsibility related to the disposal or treatment of post-consumer products.
The major benefit of allocation of this responsibility is supply of incentives to stop wastes at the source itself. It also promotes product design precisely directed to the environment. The method will also support the achievement of various other goals including community recycling and active management of materials. The modern age trend is aimed at EPR extension to all new products, a group of products, varied waste streams including electrical appliances and electronics appliances.
Good amount of work is going on in the field of EPR to guarantee minimal waste and maximum recycling of e-waste in various industries. This is a keen effort by organizations to keep the environment clean, hygienic, and worth living in.